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Copyright © 2000 by Sergei V. Rjabchikov. All Rights Reserved.

THE INTERPRETATION OF THE SIGNS INSCRIBED ON THE FRAGMENT OF A TMUTARAKAN' (TAMATARHA) VESSEL

by Sergei V. Rjabchikov

The signs inscribed on the fragment of a Tmutarakan' (Tamatarha) vessel (a private collection) are presented in figure 1.

signs1.gif
Figure 1.
The lower sign has been read by the author earlier, it is the Scandinavian rune d (Dagaz 'day') separated by a short line. This construction symbolizes the beginning of a new day, the idea 'darkness/day'. I believe that this sign is a code for the place name Tmutarakan' (Tamatarha) signifying '(The transformation from) the Darkness to the Shine (the sun god Tarh)'. Moreover, I have compared the component tarakan'/tarha of this name with Russian tarashchit' (glaza) 'to goggle', too. In fact, the upper sign depicts an eye which is also divided into two parts. Besides, I have found the sign "eye" and the word sush 'dryness' (the designation of the sun) on the fragment of a Tmutarakan' amphora (Rjabchikov 1998: 24, fig. 6; 22-3).

So it is fair to say that I have just discovered the name of the Old Russian Principality Tmutarakan' (Tamatarha) or the name of the sun deity Tarh on the vessel's fragment.

REFERENCE

Rjabchikov, Sergei V., 1998. Tainstvennaya Tmutarakan'. Krasnodar: Torgovo-promyshlennaya palata Krasnodarskogo kraya.


Copyright © 2000 by Sergei V. Rjabchikov. All Rights Reserved.

Published 20 March 2000.

Sergei V. Rjabchikov, Krasnodar, RUSSIA.


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