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Copyright © 2000 by Sergei V. Rjabchikov. All Rights Reserved.

THE PRELIMINARY REPORT ON THE DECIPHERMENT OF THE PROTO-SLAVONIC WRITING SYSTEM

by Sergei V. Rjabchikov

As I showed earlier (Rjabchikov 1998b: 23-4; see also the following articles: Rjabchikov, S.V., 1999a. The Scythian Calendar on a Panticapean Coin and Rjabchikov, S.V., 1999b. The Interpretation of the Several Graffiti on the Coins of the Petershof Treasure), the record on the Maikop slab and the brief record on a coin from Panticapeum can be understood using the readings of syllables of Linear A (B). Let us to continue the research.

1. The sign depicted in figure 1 is presented on the Scythian graffito on a wall of a religious building of the ancient town known as the Scythian Naples (Vysotskaya 1989: 82, figure). This sign is inscribed together with the several figures of horses.

w1.gif
Figure 1.
The strange sign consists of the three syllables 59-72-33 tabera. This word correlates with the name of the Scythian sun goddess Tabiti, Old Indian tap 'to heat, to warm', tapas 'heat', Old Church Slavonic teplost', toplota 'heat', toplo 'warmly', Russian topit' 'to heat', teply 'warm', English top. On the other hand, in the Indo-Arian mythology the horse is equal to the god Agni 'Fire' (Propp 1998: 264).

2. The name of the Bosporan king Tiberius Eupator is presented in figure 2 (Drachuk 1975: 61, table XIV, figure 5: 1-13).

w2.gif
Figure 2.
The lower symbol of this figure is a trident, the coat of arms of the Kingdom of the Bosporus (Drachuk 1975: 63ff). Then I read the two syllables 72-33 Bera. So the Sarmatians wrote the name Tiberius Eupator in their language as Bera, cf. Russian brat' 'to take'.

3. The name of the Bosporan king Sauromatus II is presented in figure 3 (Drachuk 1975: 61, table XIII, figure 1: 19-20).

w3.gif
Figure 3.
The lower symbol of this figure is again a trident, the coat of arms of the Kingdom of the Bosporus. Here I distinguish the determinative THE SUN and the syllable 33 Ra. I believe that the real name of this king was Ra 'The sun' (1), as his name, Sauromatus, is comparable with Sarmatian sarmatai 'the solar people near the Aryans'.

4. The name of the Bosporan king Rhescuporis II is presented in figure 4 (Drachuk 1975: 61, table XIII, figure 1: 22-29).

w4.gif
Figure 4.
Really, this compound symbol is a variant of the symbol depicted in figure 3. It consists of the sign of a trident as well as the determinative THE SUN and the syllable 33 Ra 'The sun'. On the other hand, the name Rhescuporis begins with the syllable re 'the sun'. The root kup is comparable with Russian kupat' 'to bathe', maybe, it is a Proto-Slavonic designation of the water, sea or trident.

5. The name of the Bosporan king Rhescuporis III is presented in figure 5 (Drachuk 1975: 61, table XIII, figure 1: 21; table XIV, figure 6: 1).

w5.gif
Figure 5
This symbol is the same as in figure 4. There are the sign of a trident as well as the determinative THE SUN and the syllable 33 Ra 'The sun'.

6. The name of the Bosporan king Rhescuporis VI is presented in figure 6 (Drachuk 1975: 61, table III: 103).

w6.gif
Figure 6.
This name consists of one syllable 33 Ra 'The sun'.

7. The name of the Bosporan king Rhemetalkes is presented in figure 7 (Drachuk 1975: 61, table XIII, figure 1: 11-13; table XIV, figure 7: 1-4).

w7.gif
Figure 7.
There are the sign of a trident as well as the syllable 33 Ra 'The sun'. Actually, the name Rhemetalkes begins with the syllable re 'the sun'.

8. The two variants of the name of the Bosporan king Thothorses are presented in figure 8 (Drachuk 1975: 61, table XIV, figure 9: 1-4).

w8.gif
Figure 8.
I read the two syllables 14-76 Dora.

9. The name of the Bosporan queen Dynamis is presented in figure 9 (Drachuk 1975: 61, table XIV, figure 4: 1).

w9.gif
Figure 9.
This sign compares with the syllable 45 De.

10. The name of the Bosporan king Ininphimaies is presented in figure 10 (Drachuk 1975: 61, table XIV, figure 8: 1-8).

w10.gif
Figure 10.
I read the two syllables 24-24 Nene.

11. The name of the Bosporan king Aspurgus is presented in figure 11 (Drachuk 1975: 61, table III: 101).

w11.gif
Figure 11.
The two Proto-Slavonic letters (Rjabchikov 1998a: 23, table 1; 1998b: 5-6, table 1) read As from right to left.

12. The name of the Bosporan king Aspurgus is also presented in figure 12 (Drachuk 1975: 61, table IV: 185).

w12.gif
Figure 12.
The Scythian letters read As from right to left.

13. A word written down together with kings' names is presented in figure 13 (Drachuk 1975: 76, table XV, figure 4: 1).

w13.gif
Figure 13.
This word reads 12-59-33 sotara, cf. Russian stary 'old', starik 'old man'. I think that it is an epithet of a king. Cf. also Old Church Slavonic starets'' 'old man; leader; chief', Latin senator 'senator, a member of a council of elders' (Diachenko 1993: 659).

14. The symbol is inscribed on a Sarmatian bronze mirror (Drachuk 1975: 151, table XXXI, figure 3: 3), see figure 14.

w14.gif
Figure 14.
I read the two syllables 08-12 aso, cf. Russian yasny 'clear; bright; fine'. Sarmatian as(o) is also comparable with Old Russian Yas 'Alan'.

15. The sign is inscribed on a Scythian statue (Dashevskaya 1991: 98, table 42, figure 8), see figure 15.

w15.gif
Figure 15.
I distinguish the two Proto-Slavonic letters a as well as the syllable 76 ra. So it is the word aara 'Aryan', cf. Russian yary, yarostny 'furious', yarovoy sev 'spring sowing', bychok-yarovik 'bull', Yarila 'the Russian pagan god of the fertility of the spring-time'. Besides, the term Aryan derives from a word meaning ara 'plough' (Shilov 1995: 225). On the other hand, the upper part of the compound sign can be read as 'the swastika (the sun)' (2), and the lower part - as the syllable 33 Ra 'The sun'.

16. The symbol depicted on the Sarmatian slab from Kerch (Drachuk 1975: 152, table XXXV) is presented in figure 16.

w16.gif
Figure 16.
The upper sign is the determinative, THE SUN. The lower sign is the syllable 80 ma denoting 'solar; the sun'.

17. Several symbols depicted on the Sarmatian slab from Kerch (Drachuk 1975: 152, table XXXV) are presented in figure 17.

w17.gif
Figure 17.
Taking into consideration the readings of the sign represented in figures 11 and 12, this text reads s-a-76-80-37 saramati 'Sarmatians (Sauromatae)', lit. 'The solar people near the Aryans' as well as 76 ra 'the sun' and the determinative, THE PERSON.

18. The symbol depicted on the Sarmatian slab from Kerch (Drachuk 1975: 152, table XXXV) is presented in figure 18.

w18.gif
Figure 18.
It is a sign of the sun.

19. Several symbols depicted on the Sarmatian slab from Kerch (Drachuk 1975: 152, table XXXV) are presented in figure 19.

w19.gif
Figure 19.
They are the sign signifying THE SUN (a determinative) and the word containing the syllable 12 so and the letter h, i.e. sah 'Scythian'. Cf. also the word s-h (sah) 'Scythian' inscribed near the trident - the sign of the Russian princes, descendants of Ryurik - on the two fragments of a Tmutarakan' vessel (Rjabchikov 2000: 5).

20. Several Sarmatian signs depicted on a wall of the cave of Ak-kaya I (Drachuk 1971: 31, figure 9) are presented in figure 20.

w20.gif
Figure 20.
The signs are THE SUN together with the syllable 33 ra 'the sun', the words 59-80 44-26 Tama Keru, 'the swastika (the sun)', THE SUN and 12 so. The word Tama correlates with the names of the town Tomi, Tamatarha (Tmutarakan'), modern Taman', cf. also Scythian Temarundam matrem maris 'the area of the Sea of Azov'. The word Keru correlates with modern place name Kerch. The word s(o) denotes 'the sun' (Rjabchikov 2000: 14).

I think that the name Kerch correlates with Russian korova 'cow', cf. also Greek keras 'horn' and Circassian k''erashch 'milk of she-buffalo'. Perhaps, the name of the Pantikapaion 'Panticapeum (Kerch)' contains the words Panti ka pai 'The road to the water', cf. Old Indian pathi, panthan 'way, path; road', Russian k 'to', Old Indian payate 'he gives to drink'. This name corresponds to Greek Bosporos 'Kerch Strait' (lit. 'The ford of a bull').

21. Several Sarmatian signs depicted on the wall of the cave of Ak-kaya I (Drachuk 1971: 31, figure 9) are presented in figure 21.

w21.gif
Figure 21.
The text reads 24-24 12 76 80-28 and the determinative, THE SUN (3), i.e. Nene (Inin) so ra mai, it is a variant of the name of the Bosporan king Ininphimaies 'The solar (king)'. Interestingly, the word mai 'solar; the sun' is written down on coins of the Kingdom of the Bosporus.

NOTES

1. Cf. the name Ra (Re) of the sun god of Egypt. The name of the Egyptian god Osiris is included in the name of the Scythian god Goitosiros.

2. See (Tokarev 1992).

3. See (Drachuk 1975: 147, table XVII: 11, 12).

REFERENCES

Dashevskaya, O.D., 1991. Pozdnie skify v Krymu. Arkheologiya SSSR. Svod arkheologicheskikh istochnikov. T. D 1-7. Moscow: Nauka.

Diachenko, G., 1993. Polny tserkovno-slavyansky slovar'. Moscow: Izdatel'sky otdel Moskovskogo Patriarkhata.

Drachuk, V.S., 1971. Shag v nevedomoe. Simferopol: Krym.

Drachuk, V.S., 1975. Sistemy znakov Severnogo Prichernomor'ya (Tamgoobraznye znaki severopontiyskoy periferii antichnogo mira pervych vekov nashey ery). Kiev: Naukova dumka.

Propp, V.Y., 1998. Morfologiya/Istoricheskie korni volshebnoy skazki. Moscow: Labirint.

Rjabchikov, S.V., 1998a. Tainstvennaya Tmutarakan'. Krasnodar: Torgovo-promyshlennaya palata Krasnodarskogo kraya.

Rjabchikov, S.V., 1998b. Drevnie texty slavyan i adygov. Krasnodar: Torgovo-promyshlennaya palata Krasnodarskogo kraya.

Rjabchikov, S.V., 2000. Tmutarakanskie graffiti. Krasnodar: Stil.

Shilov, Y.A., 1995. Prarodina Ariev: Istoriya, obryady i mify. Kiev: SINTO.

Tokarev, S.A. (ed.), 1992. Swastika. Mify narodov mira. Vol. 2. Moscow: Sovetskaya Entsiklopediya, p. 420.

Vysotskaya, T.N., 1989. Skifskie gorodishcha. Simferopol: Tavriya.


Copyright © 2000 by Sergei V. Rjabchikov. All Rights Reserved.

Published 13 November 2000.

Sergei V. Rjabchikov, Krasnodar, RUSSIA.


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