The name of the Scythian king Skil is presented on a Scythian finger-ring (Ryabova and Lezhukh 2001: figure 7, 7). The author read Scythian records inscribed on this artifact. They were performed by Greek letters (Rjabchikov 2001; 2004a).
The second inscription reads as follows: SKELEOEARGOTANPAR, i.e. Skel Eo e ar, go tan Par. Earlier I read the letter G instead of the letter P in the end of the text as I thought that it appeared because of a mistake of a Scythian master craftsman. I translate this record in the following manner: 'Skel (= Skyl) Eo is an Aryan, a bull (= a warrior) (of a land near) the river Dnieper'.
In this text Scythian/Sarmatian tan Par mean 'the river Dnieper'. Greek Borusqenhs signifies 'the river Dnieper' according to the History (IV: 48) by Herodotus. As has been shown earlier (Rjabchikov 2004b: 15), this name comes from Scythian/Sarmatian Bor- (bar-, por-, par-) u s- ten- 'The field, fruit from the midday sun'. Russian Dnepr 'the river Dnieper' comes from Scythian/Sarmatian dan- (don-, tan-) par- 'The river (producing harvests on the) field'. In this text Scythian/Sarmatian go 'bull' is a designation of a Scythian warrior. In the book Toxaris, or the Friendship (48) by Lucianus there is the following report: the Scythians used an oxhide to take an oath and to join with an army. Apparently, the oxhide symbolises the god-thunderer, a patron of warriors.
In addition one can say that names of many Scythian, Sarmatian and Meotian rivers are associated with the ideas of the abundance and fertility. For example, the name of the river Porata (Porata in the History (IV: 48) by Herodotus) is comparable with Scythian/Sarmatian *porata 'full', cf. Old Indian prata- 'full'. The name of the river Tyras (Tur-) 'the river Dniester' (Turhs in the History (IV: 48) by Herodotus) is comparable with Scythian/Sarmatian *tura 'abundance, fertility; strong, powerful, excelling; rich; abundant'. Russian Dnestr 'the river Dniester' comes from Scythian/Sarmatian dan- (don-, tan-) s- tur- 'The river of the sun - the abundance, fertility'.
Rjabchikov, S.V., 2001. The Interpretation of Scythian Inscriptions. The web site "The Slavonic Antiquity": http://slavonicweb.chat.ru/sl28.htm.
Rjabchikov, S.V., 2004a. Scythian Inscriptions of the Scythian King Skil: A New Approach. The web site "The Slavonic Antiquity": http://slavonicweb.chat.ru/sl53.htm.
Rjabchikov, S.V., 2004b. Novye dannye po skifskim, sarmatskim i meotskim verovaniyam. Krasnodar.
Ryabova, V.A. and I.P. Lezhukh, 2001. "Chernaya arkheologiya" i istoriya skifskogo tsarya Skila. Vostochnoevropeysky arkheologichesky zhurnal, vol. 9(2): http://archaeology.kiev.ua/journal/020301/ryabova_lezhukh.htm.
Copyright © 2005 by Sergei V. Rjabchikov. All Rights Reserved.
Published 7 February 2005.
Sergei V. Rjabchikov, Krasnodar, RUSSIA.
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