Earlier I have researched some graffiti on the Oriental silver coins from the Petershof treasure dated to the end of the 8th c. A.D. - the beginning of the 9th c. A.D. (see my articles The Interpretation of the Ancient Slavonic Records and The Interpretation of the Rivers' Names Laba and Kuban). Let us examine several graffiti on the coins of the same treasure.
1. On two coins (Melnikova, Nikitin and Fomin 1984: 44, figures 8a and 9a) the text, l-n, is written down (see figure 1):
On two coins (Melnikova, Nikitin and Fomin 1984: 44, figures 10a and 11a) the letters g of the ancient Scythian/Slavonic alphabet, so-called cherty i rezy (Rjabchikov 1998a: 5-6; 1998b: 23), are written down (see figure 3):
On a coin (Melnikova, Nikitin and Fomin 1984: 45, figure 12a) the letter r is depicted together with the picture of a wall of a fortress (see figure 4).
The texts presented in figures 5 - 8 (Melnikova, Nikitin and Fomin 1984: 45, figure 14a; 46, figures 18a, 19a; a private collection) are in my view the Sindian writing. It is not the Khazar writing, though such a hypothesis is offered by E.A. Melnikova, A.B. Nikitin and A.V. Fomin (1984: 36-8). Figures 5 and 6 represent the signs on both sides of the half of a coin.
Using the readings of the signs of the Linear B (A) as well as the related signs of the the Proto-Palestinian, Proto-Sinaian and Proto-Byblian Inscriptions and of the Maikop slab (Rjabchikov 1998a: 23) one can decode these records. It is known that the Sindians (Meotians) spoke an Indo-European language (Trubachev 1978) and was closely connected with Scythians and Sarmatians (Sauromatae).
The sign on a coin (Melnikova, Nikitin and Fomin 1984: 46, fig. 18a) is presented in figure 7.
The picture of one side of a coin dated to the 3rd c. B.C. (a private collection) from the ancient town Panticapeum at the Crimea (now here is the town Kerch) - the capital of the Bosporan kingdom - is presented in figure 8.
The two signs on a coin (Melnikova, Nikitin and Fomin 1984: 46, fig. 19a) are presented in figure 9.
The three signs of the same writing system (it is a version of the ancient Scythian script known as cherty i rezy writing system among the Slavs) and 3 rounds are depicted together on the inner side of a Sindian cup of the 2nd c. B.C. - 4th c. A.D. (a private collection), see figure 10.
The parallel from the Circassian folklore is as follows (Kaloev, Mizhaev and Salakaya 1992: 200). The sun hero (god) Sosruko has got the fairytale horse (avsurg) Thozhey. The word avsurg means in my opinion 'the solar horse' (an Indo-Aryan symbol) and consists of two words, av surg, cf. Old Indian acvah 'horse' and surya 'the sun'.
Such a cup might be used for the libations to the deities, cf. the plot depicted on a Scythian golden plaque: the sun goddess Tabiti is looking at a mirror, and a Scythian is drinking the wine from a cup (Galanina, Domansky and Smirnova 1981: 51, photo). The Circassian fairytale hero Sosruko gives the drink sana to other heroes (Kaloev, Mizhaev and Salakaya 1992: 200). On the other hand, Scythian sana- means 'wine', Old Indian sana- - 'intoxicating drink from hemp', Indo-Aryan (Crimian) kim-sana- - 'winy' (Trubachev 1981: 10).
2. See (Trubachev 1977: 19-21).
3. See (Trubachev 1977: 22-3).
Bogoslovsky, O.V., 1998. Iz istorii khristianstva na Tamanskom poluostrove. In: A.I. Afanasieva (ed.) Sbornik. 20 let muzeya M.Y. Lermontova v Tamani. Taman' arkheologicheskaya (II razdel). Taman': Tamansky myzeyny komplex, pp. 10-28.
Galanina L.K., Y.V. Domansky and G.I. Smirnova, 1981. Skify. Putevoditel' po vystavke otdela istorii pervobytnoy kul'tury Gosudarstvennogo Ermitazha. Leningrad: Iskusstvo.
Kaloev, B.A., M.I. Mizhaev and S.H. Salakaya, 1992. Narty. In: S.A. Tokarev (ed.) Mify narodov mira. Vol. 2. Moscow: Sovetskaya Entsiklopediya, pp. 199-201.
Klyuchevsky, V.O., 1987. Sochineniya v devyati tomakh. Vol. 1. Moscow: Mysl'.
Makary (Bulgakov), Metropolitan of Moscow and Kolomna, 1994. Istoriya Russkoy Tserkvi. Vol. 1. Moscow: The Spaso-Preobrazhensky Valaamsky Monastery.
Melnikova, E.A., A.B. Nikitin and A.V. Fomin, 1984. Graffiti na kuficheskikh monetakh petergofskogo klada nachala IX v.. In: V.T. Pashuto (ed.) Drevneyshie gosudarstva na territorii SSSR. Materialy i issledovaniya: 1982 god. Moscow: Nauka, pp. 26-47.
Mizhaev M.I., 1992. Sosruko. In: S.A. Tokarev (ed.) Mify narodov mira. Vol. 2. Moscow: Sovetskaya Entsiklopediya, p. 464.
Rjabchikov, S.V., 1998a. Drevnie texty slavyan i adygov. Krasnodar: Torgovo-promyshlennaya palata Krasnodarskogo kraya.
Rjabchikov, S.V., 1998b. Tainstvennaya Tmutarakan'. Krasnodar: Torgovo-promyshlennaya palata Krasnodarskogo kraya.
Toporov V.N., 1992. Mitra. In: S.A. Tokarev (ed.) Mify narodov mira. Vol. 2. Moscow: Sovetskaya Entsiklopediya, pp. 154-7.
Trubachev, O.N., 1977. Lingvisticheskaya periferiya drevneyshego slavyanstva. Indoariytsy v Severnom Prichernomor'e. Voprosy yazykoznaniya, No 6: 13-31.
Trubachev, O.N., 1978. Nekotorye dannye ob indoariyskom yazykovom substrate Severnogo Kavkaza v antichnoe vremya. Vestnik drevney istorii, No 4: 34-42.
Trubachev, O.N., 1981. Indoarica v Severnom Prichernomor'e. Istochniki. Interpretatsiya. Rekonstruktsiya. Voprosy yazykoznaniya, No 2: 3-21.
Uspensky, L.V., 1962. Slovo o slovakh. Ty i tvoe imya. Leningrad: Lenizdat.
Vasmer, M., 1986. Etimologichesky slovar' russkogo yazyka. Vol. 1. Moscow: Progress.
Copyright © 1999 by Sergei V. Rjabchikov. All Rights Reserved.
Published 10 November 1999.
Sergei V. Rjabchikov, Krasnodar, RUSSIA.
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